Repel Evil With Good

 

       قال الله عز وجل: { وَلاَ تَسْتَوِى الْحَسَنَةُ وَلاَ السَّيِّئَةُ ادْفَعْ بِالَّتِى هِىَ أَحْسَنُ فَإِذَا الَّذِى بَيْنَكَ وَبَيْنَهُ عَدَاوَةٌ كَأَنَّهُ وَلِىٌّ حَمِيمٌ * وَمَا يُلَقَّاهَا إِلاَّ الَّذِينَ صَبَرُواْ وَمَا يُلَقَّاهَآ إِلاَّ ذُو حَظِّ عَظِيمٍ } سورة فصلت 34-35.

   قال ابن كثير: (أي: يدفعون القبيح بالحسن، فإذا آذاهم أحد قابلوه بالجميل صبرا واحتمالا وصفحا وعفوا).

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God the Almighty says in Qur’an (English translation): { The good deed and the evil deed cannot be equal. Repel (the evil) with one which is better, then verily he, between whom and you there was enmity, will become as though he was a close friend.  35. But none is granted it except those who are patient — and none is granted it except the owner of great fortune} (Surah 41, verse 34-35).

The Interpreter Ibn Katheer said: “ Repel evil with good: means they fend off evil with good conduct.  If anybody caused them harms, they respond with kindness out of patience, forbearing, pardon, and forgiveness.”

The scholar Al-Hasan said: “ Repel evil with good: means when they are denied, they give. When they are treated unjustly, they forgive. And when their relations are severed, they maintain it.”

Ibn Zaid said: “ Repel evil with good: means they ward off the evil act with a good act; they don’t repay the evil act with an evil act, rather they ward it off with a good act.”

Ibn Abbas -may God be pleased with them- said: “ Repel evil with good: means they ward off the misdeed with a good deed.”

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Islam urges on good manners and forgiveness (‘afow), and promises great reward for them.  Good manners and forgiveness, apart from being a command of God and His Messenger -prayer and peace be upon him, create a united and loving family, community, society, and whole nation.  When every individual treats others like he himself wants to be treated, then the result is a family or community that is free of enmity (‘adaweh), hatred and disputes.  When family members and friends treat each with good manners and forgiveness, then the community becomes loving and united, and so the whole nation becomes loving and united.

Indeed, it is through nice manners and forgiveness that a Muslim wins others.  It is through good morals and forgiveness that others will come to naturally like him.  While bad manners and anger only serve to make others dislike you and lead them away from you!

Given the fact that no human is perfect and they all tend to behave in an unseemingly or impolite manner one time or another, the Muslim should then learn to forgive others.  He should find excuses for them.  He should think they acted that way because of sleeplessness, or she talked like that because she was tired or anxious, etc.  Muslims should learn to forgive each other, for it has a great reward, as mentioned in the above hadeeth, and moreover forgiveness fosters good relations and peace of mind and soul.

In the verse above, the Almighty God states that if you repel evil with good, { Then verily he, between whom and you there was enmity, will become as though he was a close friend}.  Thus, if you treat the one who mistreated you with forgiveness and kindness, s/he will regret his/her bad behavior and will be ashamed of his action.  Furthermore, if you continue in your kindness and good manners, this will lead to reconciliation and good relationship, and may even lead to close friendship and companionship.

Finally, it is mentioned in the hadeeth that when it is the Day of Judgment, it would be called: ‘Let those who forgave others for the sake of God rise.’  They would get up and then be led to Paradise while other people are still undergoing hisab or accounting.  Then what a great reward there is in forgiveness (‘afow).  Know that when you give up your anger and forgive others’ mistakes or slips for the sake of God, then that wouldn’t be wasted, rather you would get a great reward in its place, both in this life and the Hereafter.  And God knows best.

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